This fluffy little pup has an enormous personality; fun, feisty and friendly, Pomeranians are one of the nation's favourite dog breeds. Bred down from their bigger Spitz relatives to be companion dogs, Poms form very close bonds with their owners and are very affectionate. They are eager to please and intelligent so are generally easy to train and love ‘performing' to be the centre of attention. Though they shouldn't be underestimated, they are extremely feisty and often don't seem to know how small they are.

Also known asPom pom or Pom
TypeKC Pedigree
Typical lifespanBetween 12 - 16 years
Height range13 - 28 cm (Male)
13 - 28 (Female)
Average weight1.8 - 2 kg (Male)
1.8 - 2 kg (Female)
Coat typesThick, Dense, Harsh, Combination in length, Long coats
Lifetime cost£15360

Important to know

General health

Obesity risk

Excercise needs

Energy level





Tendancy to bark

Tendancy to chew

Tendancy to drool

Prey drive

Good for first times

Good with kids

Good with strangers

Good with animals

Dig a little deeper

Where did I come from?

Originating from Pomerania, an area between Germany and Poland, Pomeranians were developed from larger Spitz type dogs for companionship. The original form of the breed was much bigger than we would recognise in a modern Pomeranian. Little documentation exists about how the breed was developed but it was gradually growing in popularity by the 1700s.

Queen Victoria acquired a Pom in 1888 from Italy called Marco that weighed 12 lbs, which at the time was seen as incredibly small for the breed. It is thought that seeing the queen with such a small variation of the dog encouraged people to breed smaller and smaller Pomeranians, leading to the size that we are used to today. Queen Victoria’s love of Marco also hugely increased the general popularity of the breed across the country, with Pomeranians becoming an officially recognised breed in 1891.


Owner Requirements

In order to be a responsible owner to a Pomeranian you should be able to provide the dogs with all of these requirements.

Needs a home that is very small, small, medium, large or very large

The outdoor space should be no outdoor space, small, average, large or acerage

Requires regular daily exercise of at least thirty minutes.

Shouldn’t be left alone for any longer than four hours.

Doesn’t need much grooming at all, once a month should be fine.